Vulnerability Study Models
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Vulnerability Study Models
All models of studying vulnerability strive to analyze factors that affect a population group considered to be vulnerable and ways of coping and recovering from those circumstances. The two models being considered are Individual Socioeconomic Status Model and Individual Health Behaviours Model.
Similarities and Differences
The ability of governments department to know the social economic status and health behavior of a population is important in planning and developing a perfect renounce to emergencies. According to Berkman (2014), the social economic status of an individual is directly related to their health behavior. It shows that vulnerability is more prevalent in areas that are economically poor. There is an interlink between education, income and income and health behaviour like substance use and alcohol consumption (World Health Organization, 2014) The difference between these two models could arise in cases where the attitude of individuals toward health is dependent on social economic status, while health behaviours attitude could be associated with factors like personal beliefs and awareness level on importance of good healthy lifestyle.
All humans are vulnerable to disease but the risk factor is higher in a vulnerable population. This is explained by the stress individuals get, Rios & Zautra (2011) found out that both educated and non-educated experience daily stress, but the problem was more severe among the less educated. Factors that cause high health risk include income level, accessibility to insurance and availability of health care.
Epidemiology plays an important role in coming up with facts, but several factors arise from the acquired data. Issues like confidentially and privacy of the people who take part in the research, presence of informed consent and exploitation of the vulnerable. The less educated in the community are more likely to take part in untested drug study without their knowledge than the educated.
Berkman, L. F., Kawachi, I., & Glymour, M. M. (Eds.). (2014). Social epidemiology. Oxford University Press.
Rios, R., & Zautra, A. J. (2011). Socioeconomic disparities in pain: The role of economic hardship and daily financial worry. Health Psychology, 30(1), 58.
World Health Organization, & World Health Organization. Management of Substance Abuse Unit. (2014). Global status report on alcohol and health, 2014. World Health Organization.
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