Ethics is the science of morality of actions which humans do. Referring to ethics as science is because it is a body of ordered truths. Noonan, J. (1958).

Health Care and Life Sciences
Name
Course
Institution

HEALTH CARE AND LIFE SCIENCES
1.
Ethics is the science of morality of actions which humans do. Referring to ethics as science is because it is a body of ordered truths. Noonan, J. (1958). Laws are created and enforced by the government so as to regulate citizen’s relations towards each other. Comparing ethics and laws, we see that ethics originates from personal moral senses and ones desire to respect life while laws come from government and meant to regulate the society. Failure to adhere to laws will attract punishment. Hendrick, J., & Wigens, L. (2004).
2.
Administrative ethical issues are the dilemma situations in which the administrators are subjected into during their course of actions. These dilemmas include; maintaining of confidentiality of their clients. By this, administrators tend to be face with challenges of disclosing their clients or employees issues without their prior consent. In addition, administrators may found themselves in allocating resources unjustly which is against their code of conduct. i.e. giving out tenders to people of their choices without following due process. Moreover, may face these challenges when they discover that their colleagues have been involved with fraudulent activities and fail to disclose such. García Zamor, J. (2001).
Biomedical ethical issues are dilemmas in which personnel working in the medical industry are faced with. These dilemmas include; the temptation to disclose the details of their patients to third parties without their consent. Information which is frequently faced are the temptations to disclose their patients diseases to third parties. Additionally, temptation to disclose on details of their workmates either to fallow workmates or to the general public. This is viewed as unethical. McLellan, F. (2000).

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3.
The steps to solving problems by managers are; finding the right problem to solve and then defining that problem so as to understand it very well. Thereafter, the problem is analyzed so as to enable the manager to develop the possibilities convenient for solving. Additionally, the best method of solving id then selected for solving the problem. After choosing the best alternative, it is implemented and finally the results are evaluated to check if the problem has been solved. Baldegger, R. (2012).
4.
Ethical auditing is the process in which a third party verifies the processes of an organization so as to enable him to understand and give a report on the results and thereby give an advice with regards to social and environment performance. Ethical audit is necessary to be conducted when the organization have noticed that there is lax in ethics reinforcement. Kaptein, S. (1998). To conduct an ethical audit, the companies formal codes of ethics is evaluated to check for its compliance. Then the past breaches of this ethical codes are archived so that to analyze the frequency of occurrence in such. Eventually, the employees are spoken into to inform them on importance of commitment to ethics of the company. Reamer, F. (2001).
5.
Health care executives are believed by ACHE to be committed to increase the access of medical care to the members of the society. They have a responsibility to improve the health status and address the issues that are contributed by poor health. Furthermore, Health Care executives are obligated to take leadership roles so as to ensure the members of society are served well and to their satisfaction medically. They are also obligated to ensure that the health resources are well utilized to the benefits of the community members. Healthcare Executives’ Responsibility to Their Communities. (2011).
ACHE also beliefs that, the Health Care Executives are obligated to serving the members of their communities by supporting their personal and organizational initiatives which are involved in the community programs o0f well being. Moreover, ACHE beliefs that these Health Care executives should take part in community development with regards to improving the health standards of its members.
6.
Fiduciary duty is a legal obligation of an individual or organization to act in the best interest of others. The party who is obligated is termed fiduciary meaning that he has been entrusted with the care of the community’s money or properties. For instance, Health care Executives have fiduciary relationships between the members of the community, the federal government and the health industry as a whole.
Health Care Executives acts as fiduciary and has been obligated to be responsible for decisions made regarding the use of Health Care assets and the rights of the members of the community. In addition, they should not act in fulfilling of their interests at the expense of health of community members. Moreover, they are obligated to provide to ensure that all the transactions regarding the health care are transacted legally. Murray, J. (2013).
7.
Conflict of interest usually arises in an organization when an officer has competing interest of loyalties that can potentially be at odds at each other. For instance, when purchasing some items for the facility, tender is offered to a relative. Or, an officer decides to start a facility to offer similar services. This will divide the mind of an officer since he could be thinking on swaying the customers to his own facility. Heathfield, S. (2010).
Taking part in conflict interest situations, an executive may find oneself employing incompetent personnel since one is doing so to impress or to benefit from it. If for instance a vacancy for a job has been advertised on an hospital and during that period, a relative emerge and in need of that job, the managers are faced with dilemma on whether to employ their relative who is incompetent or hire a stranger who is very competent. Ralph L, & PMP, K. (2012).
In procuring equipments and drugs for healthcare, the managers may be faced with conflict of interest in carrying out so. If one has a relative who deals in such equipments, an executive will be faced with buying the equipments from the relative who may turn out to be of low quality of buy from quality dealers. In this instance, the executive will be in a dilemma which can eventually turn out to be destructive to business. Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice. (2007).
8.
Ethical dilemma arises here when no neonatal units accepts to operate on the baby. The role of health care personnel should work on savings life no matter what. Rejecting baby K is unethical.
Implications of this study on moral principles depicts that the staff of Fairfax hospital lacks morals as they have guts to tell the mother of the baby to leave him to die. This is moral decay.
The hospital staff is leaving parents to be autonomous in their decisions since we see parents are more ethical and their decisions are upright.
The hospital actions are non beneficently since they did not benefit the mother of baby K
The physician’s actions are malfeasance since their decisions wanted the child to die. This is unacceptable.
The hospital actions are unjust since they couldn’t even try to see if they can heal on baby k.

References
Baldegger, R. (2012). Management in a Dynamic Environment: Concepts, Methods and Tools.
Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice. (2007). Committee on Conflict of Interest in Medical Research, Education, and Practice, Board on Health Sciences Policy, Institute of Medicine.
García Zamor, J. (2001). Administrative Ethics and Development Administration.
Healthcare Executives’ Responsibility to Their Communities. (2011). American College of Healthcare Executives.
Heathfield, S. (2010). Conflict of Interest.
Hendrick, J., & Wigens, L. (2004). Law and Ethics.
McLellan, F. (2000). Ethical Issues in Biomedical Publication (A. Hudson Jones, Ed.).
Kaptein, S. (1998). Ethics Management: Auditing and Developing the Ethical Content of Organizations. Kluwer Academic.
Murray, J. (2013). Fiduciary – Fiduciary Responsibility.
Noonan, J. (1958). General & Special Ethics.
Ralph L, & PMP, K. (2012). Ethics and Project Management.
Reamer, F. (2001). The Social Work Ethics Audit: A Risk Management Tool (Vol. One).

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